I've recently got back into TKD and I'm just slightly baffled as to why set sparring (3 and 2 step) is still something that's required. After all these years it should be apparent that they are deeply flawed drills right? I don't think they are good for much and can actually be counter productive. For example... They don't prepare you for sport rules sparring OR a real fight. 2 step in particular has someone attacking in a way that doesn't match a street attacker (spinning kicks) OR a TKD competitor (throat grabs, groin kicks). 2 step isn't one thing or the other. They are structured as TKD techniques against TKD techniques (something the original techniques weren't designed for). Given developments in bunkai and pattern application training that have happened recently these formats don't actually use the techniques in anything like a realistic or functional way. Can anyone make a case for set sparring? Why do it? I think it's now basically a fairly useless historical legacy founded on a poor understanding of the techniques of okinawan Karate (via Japanese Karate). TKD would be all the better if set sparring was scrapped and grade specific drills introduced that actually used the techniques in the patterns to counter actual realistic attacks and then also drills that introduce TKD sport fighting in a structured way that replicates the movement and energy of that environment. One step sparring I can just about get behind (to a point) but that should be upgraded (IMHO) to include the feeder throwing haymakers, hook punches, grabbing, headbutts and other HAOV.