I've just pasted these two posts from Discussion on Schools and Teachers Schools for Ninjutsu and Kung fu (all styles) in Manila, Philippines? http://www.martialartsplanet.com/forums/showthread.php?t=7315&page=2&pp=15 I'm putting it here because it is off topic to the question about ninjitsu and kung fu schools in Manila. The issue that has come up with my post and Gryphon Hall's is why do Filipinos seem to prefer foreign martial arts, in the Philipinnes? I am from Hawaii and Filipino martial arts are very respected there and on the mainland United States. Besides the heavy influence in JKD, the well known and repected systems of Kali, Escrima, and Arnis, many martial arts schools such as Kosho Ryu Kempo and Okinawan Shorin-ryu Karate-do have adopted FMA techniques. The Kajukenbo style's flowing movements are based on Kali. All over the world everyone seems to have the highest respect of FMA, except in the Philipines! Side note on the history of FMA and it's relation to Kempo/Kenpo: Adriano Emerado, a Hawaiian Filipino who was taught Escrima and other arts, was the major force in the creation of Kajukenbo, the parent school lineage of martial arts systems as diverse as Godin's Ohana/Hawaiian Kempo, Universal Kempo, Shaolin Kempo, Villari Martial Arts and all it's split off like United Shaolin, United Studios, Masters Self Defense Centers, Bagley, Demasco, etc, Gaylord Method Kajukenbo, Vargas Kempo, CHA-3, Kenkabo, Karazenpo Go Shinjutsu. Sijo Victor "Sonny" Gascon, another first generation Hawaiian Filipino who was taught FMA amongst other arts, and Godin seem responsible for ALL the Kempo that's not Parker lineage on the entire East Coast-being the teachers of George Pesare who taught Nick Cerio. The influence of FMA has not been noted very much in Kempo/Kenpo, as at the time teachers such as Gascon and Emperado were not taught in official schools, rather in informal family settings when they were young. Later they studied in named official schools. It was only in 1988 that Emperado revealed that Kali was the style within the style of Kajukenbo.