If you think about the alphabet of any language you will realise the letters which compose the alphabet are the elementary components from which any word or sentence can be formed. What about movement in Silat though? Could you make an alphabet of basic movements from which any jurus/ action could be formed and if you could how many letters would it have? 11 Directions: There are four cardinal points North (N), South (S), East (E) and West (W), This forms a cross on the ground. Add to this NW, SW, NE ,SE and you have an eight sided shape (octagon). There are three further movements which need to be added to this to make it complete, up, down and twist (gelek) 8 + 3 = 11 directions Four Ranges: In a fighting situation the human body can act at four ranges. At the first range you can head butt, bite, use your shoulders and hips. At the second range you can use your elbows and knees. At the third range you can use your forearms and shins. At the forth range you can use your hands and feet. Some may like to combine the last two ranges together making three ranges in total though I prefer to think of it as four. You can symbolize these ranges by adding three or four concentric circles to the octagon of eight directions and now you have a shape like a spiders web which has 32 or 24 segments depending on how many ranges you added (3 or 4). Three elevations: There are three elevations from which a person can fight. 1 on the ground, 2 mid height and 3 completely upright. Add this to the above and you have the basic alphabet of movement, 11 directions, 4 ranges and 3 elevations.