In an article on Kata in the latest Classical Fighting Arts magazine, there was someting quite interesting mentioned. The article titled: The History and Evolution of Karate-Do Kata , by Harry Cook says: "According to Chomo Hanashiro's student Hiroshi Kinjo, (born in Shuri, Okinawa in 1919) most modern karate "experts" have little or no understanding of the real nature of traditional karate....Kinjo observed that while the concept of "one strike one kill" is perfectly valid when applied to the Japanese sword, the adoption of this concept to karate has led to a profound misunderstanding of the realities of a "personal confrontation without weapons when actually seized by an opponent. More often than not, in an effort to subjugate an attacker, a defender must impact a subordinate target in order to set up a more anatomically vulnerable zone to traumatize, before dragging that person to the ground, or, conversely, being dragged to the ground." (pg. 18) So it's interesting that the old one strike one kill thing was something added to karate after it went to Japan in order to imitate kendo's notion of the same concept and that older Okinawan karate was about multiple strikes to vulnerable targets in order to incapacitate. Which, to get to the point of the thread, sounds a lot more like Kenpo and Kajukenbo than it does like the Shotokan etc. that has come out of Japan.