Because our system is Buddhist based in it’s philosophy we always desire that the opponent will learn from their actions and that minimum long-term damage will be done. Of course the more determined they are and the more danger you’re in will necessitate a insurance factor on your behalf. If you lock or pin them and you believe that you are going to be in danger on release then you will need to incapacitate them via choking, atemi strike or dislocation. From a technical side, once a lock or pin is applied it remains functional because of the pain and loss of movement, once the joint dislocates the opponent then has a greater range of movement and can escape of counter attack. Being able to judge the point of best force for pain but still not dislocating the joint is necessary for the effectiveness of the technique in self defence situations as well as being in line with our philosophy. There are six characteristics of Shorinji Kempo. Ken Zen Ichinyo – Body and mind are the same Riki Ai Funi – Strength and love stand together Shushu Koju – Defend first, attack after Fusatsu Katsujin – Protect people without injury Goju Ittai – Hard and soft work only together Kumite Shutai – Pair work is fundamental As you can see, Riki Ai Funi and Fusatsu Katsujin are directly related to our topic. Riki Ai Funi means that not only do we need to have the strength to act when needed but we also have the strength to forgive when appropriate, for example if the attacker has a genuine change of heart.