hi, vale tudo/sparring is not addressing one very important part of a fight. that is the pre-fight ritual/woofing as they call it at rmcat. i agree wholeheartedly that heavy sparring is a very vital piece of the puzzle but simulation/roleplay training is very necessary for the student. getting familiar with the pre-fight ritual/pattern is vital if a student is going to be able to recognise when to "go" if a situation requires it. sparring is not going to familiarize or teach a student this. sparring (if done realistically) will teach the student good timing, distancing, familiarisation of what part of their chosen system works for THEM under pressure etc. but again, sparring is reciprocal and has a certain tempo, fighting generally is one way traffic, and the person who initiates and keeps up the attack (unless the defender is VERY determined and is experienced in being on the backfoot in this situation) is usually the victor . im sure that comment will make all of the "block and counter" people howl with indignation but thats just the way it is. in my adrenaline scenarios i do as many things as possible to ensure adrenaline is introduced. i will wear dark sunglasses and a hooded sweatshirt to take away the familiarity of my appearance ( it might sound stupid but it DOES work). we will start off by working out a basic scenario ie you have just taken a parking space that i have been waiting for . i will then start the scenario, sometimes i will just attack the student with no verbals whatsoever, sometimes i will begin by giving a barrage of obscenities aimed at the student, insulting them , challenging them to a fight etc. during all of this i will be trying to eat their personal space (which they are monitoring with their own fence) trying to push / slap them. i will NOT tell them when to attack, the rule is not to allow your fence to be touched more than twice. when they do decide to attack they go for 3 seconds then the roleplay is stopped. depending on how they handle the pre-fight "interview" they may not have to go physical. it depends on how i feel they are dealing with it. sometimes in the scenario training, they have to deal with ambush attacks again this is not dealt with in sparring. once again sparring can NOT replace scenario / roleplay training. if that was the case the rmcat training would be just fighting , its not, a large part of the training is dedicated to pre-fight. and remember, as soon as someone approaches you and starts insulting you etc, the fight has effectively began.